





B.Sc. Physics with Electronics
ACADEMIC CURRICULLUM
COURSE DESCRIPTION OR SYNOPSIS
CHM101 
Introduction to General Chemistry 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Atoms, molecules and chemical reactions; Chemical equations and stoichiometry; Atomic structure and periodicity; Modern electronic theory of atoms; Valence forces and chemical bonding; Inter molecular forces; Kinetic theory and gas laws; Basic chemical Ki 
CHM122 
Introduction to Physical Chemistry 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Units and measurements in physical chemistry; States of matter and change of state; Gases and their properties; Chemical equilibria; Thermochemistry; Chemical kinetics; The scope of thermodynamics; The first and second law of thermodynamics; Enthalpy, ent 
CHM161 
First Year Practical Chemistry I 
1 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Theory and practice of volumetric/quantitative and inorganic qualitative analyses 
CHM162 
First Year Practical Chemistry II 
1 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Melting points and boiling points determination; Heats of solution and neutralization; Solubility and solubility curves; Organic purification methods; Reactions and qualitative analyses of organic functional groups 
CMP111 
Introduction to Computer Science 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
History of computers, functional components of computer, characteristics of a computer, problem solving, flow charts, Algorithms, computer programming, Statements, symbolic names, Arrays, subscripts, expressions and control statements. Introduction to BAS 
CMP112 
Introduction to Computer Programming 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Types of Programming languages, Introduction to BASIC, Constants and Variables, Control Structures, Arrays, Functions and subroutines, Data Files and Introduction to Computer Graphics. Student should write, debug and execute programs using a chosen elemen 
CMP212 
Computer Programming II 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Principle of good programming; structured programming concepts. Debugging and testing; string processing, internal searching and sorting, Data structures, Recursion. C++ programming language or any other similar language should be used in teaching the abo 
CMP221 
Computer Programming I 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Introduction to problem solving methods and Algorithm development; designing coding, debugging and documenting using techniques of good programming language style, computer organization; programming language and programming Algorithm development. A widely 
GST111 
Communication in English I 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Effective communication and writing in English Language skills, writing of essay answers, Comprehension, sentence construction, outlines and paragraphs, collection and organization of materials, punctuation. 
GST112 
Communication in English II 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Logical presentation of papers, phonetics, instruction on lexis, art of public speaking and oral communication, figures of speech, precise, report writing. 
GST121 
Nigerian Peoples, Culture and AntiCultism/Social Vices 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Nigerian history, culture and arts in precolonial times, Nigerian’s perception of his world, culture areas of Nigeria and their characterictics, evolution of Nigeria as a political unit, indigene/settler phenomenon, concepts of trade, economic selfrelia 
GST122 
Use Of Library, Study Skills & Information Communication Technology 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Brief history of libraries, library and education, University libraries and other types of libraries, study skills (reference services). Types of library materials, using library resources including elearning, ematerial, etc, understanding library catal 
GST131 
Introduction to Computer Studies 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
History and development of Computer Technology. The why and how of computers. Computer types: Analogue, Digital, and Hybrid, Central preparation, Equipments: Keypunch, starter etc. Data Transmission, Nature, speed and error detection. Data capture and val 
GST132 
Logic, Philosophy and Human Existence 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
A brief survey of the main branches of Philosophy symbolic Local Special symbols in symbolic logicconjunction, negation, affirmation, disjunction, equivalent and conditional statements law of tort. The method of deduction using rules of inference and bi 
GST211 
History and Philosophy of Science 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Man his origin and nature, man and his cosmic environment, scientific methodology, science and technology in the society and service of man, renewable and onrenewable resources – man and his energy resources, environmental effects of chemical plastics, 
GST212 
Introduction to Entrepreneurial Studies 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Introduction to entrepreneurship and new venture creation, Enterpreneurship in theory and practice; Forms of business, Staffing, Marketing and new venture; determining capital requirements, Raising capital; Financial planning and management; starting a ne 
GST221 
Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Basic concepts in peace studies and conflict resolution, peace as vehicle of unity and development, conflict issues, types of conflict, e.g. ethnic/religious/political/economic conflicts, root causes of conflicts and violence in Africa, indigene/settler p 
GST222 
Communication in French 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Introduction to French, French Alphabets and Sounds – Writing and Pronounciation, French Syllabus –Writing and Pronounciation, French Words – Writing and Pronunciation, Phrases, Simple Sentences and Pharagaraphs, Conjuction, dialogue Advance Study of Sent 
GST232 
Communication in Arabic 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 

GST311 
Introduction to Entrepreneurship Skills 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Some of the ventures to be focused upon include the following:
1. Soap/Detergent, tooth brushes and tooth paste making
2. Photography
3. Brick, Nails, screws making
4. Dyeing/textile blocks paste making
5. Rope making
6. Plumbing
7. Vulcanizing
8. 
MTH111 
ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS 1 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Elementary set theory, subset, union, intersection, complements, Venn diagrams. Real numbers; integers, rational and irrational numbers, mathematical induction, real sequences and series, theory of quadratic equations, binomial theorem. Complex numbers; a 
MTH112 
Elementary Mathematics III 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Function of a real variable, graphs, limits and idea of continuity. The derivative as limit or rate of change. Techniques of differentiation. Extreme curve sketching. Integration as an inverse of differentiation. Methods of integration, Definite integrals 
MTH121 
Elementary Mathematics II 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Geometric representation of vectors in 13 dimensions, components, direction cosines, addition, scalar, multiplication of vectors linear independence, scalar and vector products of two vectors. Differentiation and integration of vectors with respect to a 
MTH122 
Introduction to Discrete Mathematics 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
This course introduces the student to the basic definitions of Sets, Relations Boolean Algebra and Graph Theory. Methods of Proof. (Induction, Deduction and Contradiction). Some elementary extension to Matrices is considered as a basis for further courses 
MTH212 
Introduction to Numerical Analysis 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations. Curve fitting. Error analysis. Interpolation and approximation. Zeros or non – linear equations; to one variable system of linear equations. Numerical differentiation and integral equations. Initial valu 
MTH221 
Elementary Differential Equations I 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
First order ordinary differential equations. Existence and uniqueness. Second order ordinary differential equations with constant coefficient. General theory of nth order linear equations Laplace transforms, solutions of initial value problems by lap lac 
MTH231 
Sets, Logic and Algebra 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Introduction to the language and concepts of modern mathematics. Topics includes; Basic set theory; mappings, relations, equivalence and other relations, Cartesian products. Binary logic, methods of proof. Binary operations. Algebraic structures, semi gro 
MTH241 
Linear Algebra I 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Vector space over the real field. Subspaces, linear independence, basis and dimension. Linear transformations including linear operators, linear transformations and their representation by matrices—range, null space, rank. Singular and nonsingular transf 
MTH242 
Linear Algebra II 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Systems or linear equation, change of basis, equivalence and similarity. Eigenvalues and elqenvectors.minimum and characteristics of polynomials of a linear transformation (matrix).Cayley –Hamilton theorem.Bilinear and quadratic forms, orthogonal diagonal 
PHY111 
General Physics I 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Units and dimensions, scalars and vectors, linear and circular motion; velocity, acceleration. Laws of mechanics and gravitation, simple applications. Conservation of energy, momentum; work, power, simple harmonic motion, simple pendulum. Moment of inerti 
PHY112 
General Physics II 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Concepts of heat, temperature; measurement of temperature, clinical thermometer. Heat capacity, specific heat, latent heat, calorimetry. Gas laws; kinetic theory of gases. Thermal energy, isothermal and adiabatic changes. Conduction, convection, radiation 
PHY121 
Experimental Physics I 
1 Credit Unit 
Description: 
This introductory course emphasises quantitative measurement, the treatment of measurement, errors and graphical analysis, reading and repeated readings, best value, mistakes, discrepancy, systematic errors, detecting systematic errors, use of the mean. R 
PHY122 
Experimental Physics II 
1 Credit Unit 
Description: 
A continuation of the treatment of experimental errors and analysis. Mean square error, standard deviation, sample and set standard errors, meanings and uses. Frequency distribution, histogram and frequency data curve, least square errors and curve – fitt 
PHY131 
Electricity, Magnetism and Modern Physics 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Electric charge, Coulomb’s Law, electric field, electrostatic potential. Energy in an electric field, capacitors, dielectrics. Electric current, potential difference and electromotive force. Ohm’s law, potentiometer, metre bridge, Wheatstone bridge. Magne 
PHY211 
Classical Physics 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
(A more advanced treatment of the topics serves as a bridge between 100 level Mechanics and 300 level topics in Mechanics). Rigid, bodies, Rigid dynamics; moment of inertia, angular momentum. System of particles, moving coordinate system, noninertial ref 
PHY212 
Elementary Modern Physics 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Special relativity; defects in Newtonian mechanics, the speed of light; the Lorentz transformation of velocities. The atomic structure, experimental basis of quantum theory; black body radiation; electrons and quanta; Bohr’s theory of atomic structure; De 
PHY221 
Thermal Physics 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
The foundations of classical thermodynamics including the Zeroth law and definition of temperature; the first law, work done and heat, Carnot’s cycle and the second law; entropy and irreversibility. Thermodynamic potentials and the Maxwell’s relations and 
PHY222 
Electromagnetism 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
General concepts – divergence, curl, gradient theorems, Stokes theorem, introduction to curvilinear coordinates. Electricity and electrostatics. Electric field; potential and electricity of discrete and continuous distribution of charges, dielectrics and 
PHY232 
Waves and Optics 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Wave phenomena, acoustic wave, the harmonic oscillator, vibration in strings. Beats, waves on a string, energy in wave motion, elementary treatment of waves; types and properties, longitudinal waves, standing waves, group and phase velocity; propagation; 
PHY241 
Experimental Physics III 
1 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Laboratory experiments aimed at the practical applications of the theory of errors in measurement. Fitting a straight line, computational errors, two – dimensional errors. 
PHY242 
Experimental Physics IV 
1 Credit Unit 
Description: 
The laboratory course consists of a group of experiments drawn from diverse areas of physics (optics, electromagnetism, mechanics, modern physics etc). It is accompanied by seminar studies of standard experimental techniques and the analysis of famous cha 
PHY252 
Energy and Environment 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Lectures and 15 Excursions
Energy and power; principles, demands and outlook, transformation of energy and its costs, thermal pollution, electric energy from fossil fuel, hydroelectric generation; principles and problems. Costs, capacity, storage, reserv 
PHY262 
Vector, Tensor & Complex Analysis 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Vector algebra, vector dot and cross product. Equations of curves and surfaces. Vector differentiation and applications, gradient, divergence and curl, vector integration, line, surface and volume integrals, Green’s strokes and divergence theorems. Tensor 
PHY301 
Acoustics I 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Propagation and attenuation of sound in the atmosphere, sound isolation and absorption, reverberation, Sabine and Eyring’s formulae, hearing, articulation and intelligibility, acoustics of auditoria, models, anechoic rooms and water tanks. Acoustics of sm 
PHY303 
Geophysics I 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Introduction to geophysical exploration. Geophysical survey: gravity method, magnetic method, resistivity method, electrical method, seismology, seismic waves (P and S waves  properties and speeds), earthquake seismology, seismic imaging: reflection, ref 
PHY305 
Practical Laboratory Field Trip 
1 Credit Unit 
Description: 
The students are expected to visit notable Research Centers that covers areas of Theoretical Physics, Nuclear and Atomic Physics, Radiation Biophysics, Solid State and Material Science Physics, Geophysics among others. Students are expected to jointly car 
PHY311 
Classical Mechanics 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Newtonian Mechanics; motion of a Particle in one, two and three dimensions; system of particles and collision theory; Newtonian gravitation; conservative forces and potentials, oscillations, central force problems; moving coordinates, accelerated frames o 
PHY321 
Electricity and Magnetism 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Electrostatics and Magnetostatics; electric polarisation, dielectric susceptibility, image charges. Laplace’s equations, Poisson’s equation and boundary value problems, electromagnetic potentials, multiple expansion, dielectric and magnetic materials, Far 
PHY331 
Quantum Physics I 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Schrödinger wave equation Waves, particle duality and the uncertainty principle, De Broglie hypothesis, Born’s interpretation of matter waves, Basic principles of the quantum theory uncertainty principle. Simple harmonic oscillator, energy level potential 
PHY341 
Statistical and Thermal Physics 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Basic concepts of statistical mechanics; microscopic basics of thermodynamics and application to macroscopic systems. Hobb’s and Gibb’s functions. Thermodynamic probability and entropy, condensed states, phase transformations, Maxwell – Boltzman statistic 
PHY351 
Modern Optics 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Coherence and interference. Michelson and FabryParot interference filters. Fourier interference spectroscopy. Diffraction theory, Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, gratings. Refraction at plane and spherical surfaces, Lens systems, stops, Aberration. O 
PHY361 
Solid State Physics I 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Crystal structure and crystal binding, lattice properties, indexing crystal diffraction, Laue equations, reciprocal lattice, Brillioun zones. Structure factor, interatomic forces, bonding types, elastic properties, lattice vibrations, elastic waves, dyna 
PHY381 
Engineering Drawing & Workshop Practice 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Plane geometry, orthographic and isometric projections. Sectional views, sketching, professional touches. 
PHY391 
Biophysics I 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
X – rays, diffraction and electron microelements of the physics of macromolecule. Basic enzyme behaviour, radiation physics, radiation hazards and protection 
PHY411 
Analytical Mechanics 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Degrees of freedom, generalised coordinates, Lagrange’s formation of mechanics and applications. The cost of variation and the action principles. Hamilton’s formulation of mechanics, canonical transformations and applications, invariance and conservation 
PHY412 
Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
The Hydrogen atom; relativistic effects and spin. Identical particles and symmetry. Many electron atoms. Coupling schemes and vector model. Seeman effect. Hyperfine structure. The diatomic molecule; the FrankCondon principle. Xray diffraction. Microwave 
PHY421 
Electromagnetic Waves and Optics 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Maxwell’s equations and their applications, waves in space and in dielectric and conducting media. The wave equation, propagation of plane waves, reflection and refraction, transmission lines, wave guides and resonant cavities, radiation, interference of 
PHY422 
Atmospheric Physics 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Atmospheric dynamics and thermodynamics, radiative transfer processes, particles in the atmosphere, cloud physics. 
PHY431 
Quantum Physics II 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
State vectors and operators in different representations in quantum mechanics. Harmonic oscillator, use of creation and annihilation operators. Angular momentum, spin and addition of angular momenta. Timeindependent and timedependent perturbation theori 
PHY441 
Mathematical Methods in Physics I 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Linear algebra and functional analysis. Transformation in Linear vector spaces and matrix theory, Hilbert space and complete sets of orthogonal functions, special functions of mathematical physics, the gamma function, hypergeometric functions; Legenre fun 
PHY451 
Applied Optics 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Imaging system as a linear system, convolution integral. Wiener Kinnchin Theorem, information processing. 
PHY452 
Geophysics II 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Solid earth physics, terrestrials magnetism, oceanography (related fields include geodesy, volcanology, seismic studies, gravity and magnetic studies, earthquakes and plate tectonics). 
PHY461 
Computational Physics 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Ordinary differential equations and applications, general expansion of physical quantities in complete orthogonal set of functions. Use of numerical methods in physics, various methods of numerical integration, differentiation, numerical solutions of some 
PHY462 
Solid State Physics II 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Dielectric properties, magnetism, paramagnetism and diamagnetism, ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism, magnetic resonance, imperfection in solids, density of states, Bloch’s theory, Kroniq Penny model, E – K diagram, photoconductivity, superconductivit 
PHY481 
Nuclear and Particle Physics I 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Nuclear Concepts: Nuclear size, nuclear masses; nuclear forces, nuclear – nucleon scattering, the deuteron, nuclear models, radioactive decay, alpha, beta, gamma decays, nuclear reactions, nuclear reactions and properties of the neutroncross sections, p 
PHY492 
Biophysics II 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Salt and water transport in the gut. The origin of living matter, bioengineering. 
PYE211 
Semiconductor Devices and Materials 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Semiconductor fundamentals, crystal structure, Fermi level, energyband diagram, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor, carrier concentration, scattering and drift of electrons and holes, drift current, diffusion mechanism, Hall effect, generation,
recom 
PYE212 
Signals and Systems 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 

PYE221 
Electronics Practical I 
1 Credit Unit 
Description: 

PYE222 
Electronics Practical II 
1 Credit Unit 
Description: 

PYE231 
Electric Circuits and Electronics 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
DC circuits; Kirchoff’s laws, sources of e.m.f and current, network analysis and circuit theorems. AC circuits; Inductance, capacitance, the transformer, sinusoidal waveforms, root mean square and peak values, power, impedance and admittance, series R L C 
PYE232 
Electric Circuit Theory 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
General outline of linear circuits and linear circuit analysis, linear transformations, oneport and twoport networks. Single phase sinusoidal alternating current circuits, locks diagrams, polyphase circuits, network topology. The methods of symmetrical 
PYE311 
Introduction to Telecommunication Systems 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Frequency response of amplifiers: Poles, zeros and Bode plots, amplifier transfer function, techniques of determining 3 dB frequencies of amplifier circuits, frequency response of singlestage and cascade amplifiers, frequency response of differential amp 
PYE312 
Student Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) 6 Months 
6 Credit Unit 
Description: 

PYE331 
Electronics Practical/Research Method 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 

PYE341 
Electronics I 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Bipolar transistors and diodes, Field Effect Transistors [FET, JFET], transistor circuits, amplifiers, multistage amplifier circuits.Power amplifiers, classification of amplifiers [class A, AB, B operations], frequency response, instrument amplifiers.Nois 
PYE412 
Digital Electronics 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 
The transistor as a switch, power dissipation base over drive storage drive and Switching speed, logic gates, NAND or with close logic, the TTL AND gate, truth
table, noise margins, television pole, open collector and tristate, TTL, CMOS, NMOS, ECL combi 
PYE421 
Optoelectronic Devices 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 

PYE422 
Instrumentation and Measurement System 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Basic circuit models, filters, modulators, display and storage building blocks, transducers and their applications, noise in measuring system measurements. 
PYE431 
Electronic Devices and Circuits 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Modulation, radio and T.V. systems, telephone instruments, lines loses, noise T ? T networks, radar and navigational aids data transmission. 
PYE432 
Power Electronics 
3 Credit Unit 
Description: 

PYE441 
Seminar 
1 Credit Unit 
Description: 

PYE472 
Research Project 
6 Credit Unit 
Description: 

STA112 
Introductory Statistical Inference 
2 Credit Unit 
Description: 
Statistical data: Their source, collection and preliminary analysis by table, graphs and simple statistics to include measures of location dispersion, skewness, kurtosis and correlation. Time
series, demographic measures and index numbers. Inference: est 
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